German Charity Book – at home in Austria
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Gifted after a donation to the Winter Charity Relief, raising funds for the NSDAP & later the war effort. These little 4.5cm x 3.5cm propaganda booklets were gifted after a donation of a few pfennigs. This one has 36 pages, with 28 black and white photograph images of Hitler in Austria.
This series of booklets were published from 1937 -1941 by Heinrich Hoffman, Hitler’s official photographer. There were 26 different books to collect. The booklets had a string, so one could wear from a lapel pin, to show you had made a donation. The following week when there was a new series of badges & tokens to collect, the booklets could then be hung elsewhere in the home, such as for example, from the Christmas Tree along with other Reich approved ornaments.
In Nazi Germany the Winterhilfswerk (Winter Charity Campaign, or WHW) collection campaigns took place each Winter and raised a great deal of money for charitable purposes. It was common place for those who collected the contributions to give donors a small memento to show appreciation for their contribution, and by wearing the memento, it was obvious the donor had contributed money. One usually parted with a few Pfennigs.
There were many campaigns connected with the WHW each year at the national level and at the Gau or state level. Each month from October through March, the money collected was set aside to help those who were hungry or cold. Badges were made in series, the idea being you kept donating to collect a whole series. Series of badges only lasted for up to a week, meaning an individual was encouraged to make a donation every day.
‘Can rattlers’ or ‘brown shirts’ wandered through busy streets, pubs and restaurants at meal times collecting donations. Businesses were encouraged to donate a monthly amount and received a sticker or poster for their shopfront window, so they could display it for all to see they were ‘doing their part’ for charity and the war effort.
The Abzeichen or mementos given to contributors to these and other charity campaigns in Third Reich Germany varied widely from flowers to metal badges, but most were simple enough to be manufactured at home by unemployed hand crafters or by very small enterprises, what we’d call cottage industry.
Some WHW mementos are superb pieces of art and others are very simple. Some include semi precious stones, others beautifully embroidered. They were plastic, metal, wooden, fabric, glass pottery and porcelain. All have been collected since the day they were made and are sought after today.
As well as WHW badges, postcards, stamps, first day covers and propaganda booklets were gifted for a donation.
Tinnies were also purchased to support the war effort & were often souveniers of events such as Rallies, Sports Festivals, Public Holidays and groups – navy, infantry, airforce, returned soldiers, youth, guilds etc…